Spring Transition Undercover

Spring is here and it is time to clear the old crops and make way for the new, sowing starts in the polytunnel, a 50ft double-height plastic tunnel built into a drystone wall on a south facing terrace below the potager.

The plant debris and weeds are first cleared and the earth lightly worked to lighten the top soil, incorporating seaweed manure and bonemeal.  For areas that are not to be planted now I cover the soil with leaves, grass cuttings and best of all chopped nettles. This protects the soil and keeps it in great condition ready for sowing later.

The first of the heat loving summer crops are planted directly in the tunnel in mid-March. For the beans I prepare long bean trenches filled with rotted garden compost. Tradition in these parts is to sow the first Haricot of the year on St. Josephs day undercover. This year I sowed a dwarf French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) Tendergreen from Thomas Etty and behind that the exotic climbing Long Bean (Vigna unguiculata sesquipedalis) also known as snake bean, yard long or asparagus bean a wonderful bean that grows to 60cm or more in length. I’ve grown it every year since I got the tunnel and maintain the seeds.  Also sown direct into the tunnel in mid march are the cucurbits; courgettes, cucumbers and other gourds. I am careful to make sure only one variety from each sub family of the cucrbits and legumes are sown in the tunnel so that I will be able to collect seed without danger of crossing. So this year in the tunnel I sowed Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) Burpless Tasty Green, an unusual Hairy Cucumber (Cucucmis Melo) Bari distinct from a regular cucumber in that it is botanically a melon. Achoca (Cyclanthera pedata) Fat Baby this is a small spiny cucumber like gourd that grows to form a hollow shell which is delicious stuffed. A courgette, (cucurbita pepo) Ronde de Nice a lovely round courgette with dense flesh and a gourd. Later in the year, when it is warm enough, the tomatoes, peppers, chillis and peanuts will be planted out that i’ve grown from seed in the house. Coriander gets sown all year round so another few short rows went in to keep us in supply.

Work in the tunnel this spring was made much easier with the help of Laura Beyney, who is here for a week helping out in the garden and learning about edible veg, plus the odd spot of fishing in the Ardeche.

 

Polytunnel Planting Plan 2011

Winter Lettuces

Winter Lettuces are varieties of lettuces that can be sown late in the season, will tolerate cold and low light levels and still provide leaf pickings for the salad bowl right through winter and into spring. Some of my favourite lettuces are these hardy types because they have robust flavours, crisp leaves and good textures.

Winter Lettuce Rouge Grenobloise

Winter Lettuce Verde D'Inverno

Timing
Lettuces mature in around 50-60 days when grown at optimum temperatures but the lettuce will slow down in cold weather, a trait which gardeners can use to their advantage. In cold weather a lettuce can stand fresh and ready to be picked for 2 or more months, it won’t go to seed and if you can protect the crop from very cold or wet weather and if you can get the timing right it will stand in perfect condition right through winter. So plan your winter crop of lettuce so that it is almost ready to pick by the first frosts of winter. At that stage it is large enough to stand light frost outdoors and undercover survive happily in surounding tempertures of -10c.

Lettuces Winter Density young heads ready to cut

My pick of varieties
To get a good lettuce crop throughout winter it is best to select winter lettuce varieties, those that have proven themselves or been selected for thier growth habit and hardiness. My favourites include:
Winter Density (Cos) a lovely solid crisp green heading cos, standing tall and fairly tightly wrapped; excellent undercover in winter and outdoors in late winter/early spring. Rouge Grenobloise (Batavian) Large crispheads with red-tinted ruffled leaves, good flavour, cold hardy and will grow happily in shade; an excellent winter lettuce outdoors. Ubriacona (Loose Leaf Batavian) This Italian Heirloom has beautiful green hearts with red outer edged leaves, performs well and has great taste and texture. Provides cutting lettuce all year and will overwinter in my garden. Verde D’Inverno (Cos) Tall mid green heads crisp leaves with good taste. Stands well through winter. Rougette de Montpelier, (Butterhead) tight heading lettuce with crisp white stalks and soft green leaves tinged red at the edges, this variety can be grown undercover or outdoors but I find the flavour is better and the heads are crisper if grown outdoors. Valdor (Butterhead) I grew this lettuce for the first time 2 years ago so I am still testing it out and cannot thoroughly recommend it yet. It grew well in the polytunnel producing voluminous green heads with large fleshy leaves. But it suffered from mildew undercover, as spring approached and temperatures soured undercover, it may do better outdoors so I’ll give it another try this winter.

Varieties
Let-Rougette-de-Montpellier.jpgLettuce-Winter-Density-Poly.jpgLettuce_Ubriacona-30.4.08.jpgLettuce_Valdor-CU-4-08.jpg
Images
Rougette de Montpelier, Winter Density, Ubriacona, Valdor

Read more about growing lettuces
Cultivating Lettuces in Summer

Seed List 2010

It has taken me some time to find the seeds for the varieties I want to grow this year but I’ve finally done it and this is my selection for 2010. Plenty of old reliable must grow varieties, some new things I am desperate to grow for the kitchen, some varieties that I am growing to photograph for seed catalogues, some I am not sure what they are but came by the seeds in swaps and others because well I am obsessed. I want to at least try to grow everything and anything edible I possibly can. You just never know what might turn out to be an edible diamond. So this is my seed list for 2010, there’s a lot of varieties this year and I just hope I can fit them all in.


ALLIUMS Alliaceae
ONION Allium cepa
Maincrop Sow after the shortest day of the year S(Dec-Jan) TPFeb PMarch
Succession Sow S 1.Feb-April 2. Mar-May 3.MidAug-MidSept H Aug-Sept/April-June/April-Sept Some vars Sept-April Dates listed for individual vars as per seed source.
Onion Tropea Rossa Lunga (F) S:[July-Sept] or Mar-May H May-Sept new
Onion Rossa Lunga di Firenze (F) S:[July-Sept] or Mar-May H May-Sept new
Onion Blanca de Lisboa S:mid Jan-Feb TP March-April H Aug-Sept
Onion Walla Walla (O) SMar-Apr HMid June-Oct Sweet Salad onion
Onion Giugnese (F) S[July-Sept] or Mar-May H May-Sept
Onion Tonda Musona (F) S[July-Sept] or Mar-May H May-Sept
Onion Blanc Blanc de Paris SAug-Sept HApr-July
Onion De Rebouillon* (O) Bulb SAug-Sept H Apr-July. Scallions S Apr-May H May-July
Onion Japanese Bunching Long White Tokyo SMar-Jun HMay-Oct
Onion Barletta SFeb-April Poly
Onion Rose de Roscoff (SW) P March growing for seed
GARLIC Allium Sativum P Oct-Jan
Garlic Asiatic? Turban (SWPatrick/SS)
LEEK A.porrum
Leek Bleu de Solaise (V) S (Feb-Mar) March-May PJun-Jul HDec-Mar could sow earlier
Leek Musselburgh S(Jan-Feb) March-April HNov-Mar
PERENNIAL ALLIUMS
Welsh Onion Allium fistulosum Commune Rouge (FSM) SFeb-May HApr-Nov Perennial
Tree Onion Allium cepa proliferum Amish (SWPatrick) perennial P autumn
Tree Onion Allium cepa proliferum Egyptian Walking Onion (SWPatrick) perennial P autumn
Garlic Chives (FSM) Allium tuberosum S: Spring or early autumn

BRASSICA Brassicaceae
Brassica Oleracea
Broccoli, Purple Sprouting Botrytis Cymosa Group Rudolph extra early* (O) SMar-May TP H Dec-Jan
Broccoli, Purple Sprouting Botrytis Cymosa Group Late (T&M) SApr-May TPJun-Jul HJan-Feb
Broccoli, Purple Sprouting Botrytis Cymosa Group Early (O) SApr-May TPJun-Jul H Mar
Brussels Sprouts, Gemmifera Group Noisette or Mezzo Nano(O) S(Feb-Mar) PApr-May HOct-Dec
Cabbage, capitata group Savoy Ormskirk* (T) SApr-May TPJun-Jul HNov-Apr
Cabbage, capitata group Golden Acre (SH) SFeb-May HJun-Sept New
Cabbage, capitata group Red Acre (SW Candy) New
Cauliflower Botrytis Group All Year Round S(Jan-Mar)Mar-Jun, Sept-Oct HJun-Oct New
Cauliflower Botrytis Group Italica Romanesco (Un) SApr-May HSep-Oct
Cauliflower Botrytis Group Italica Romanesco Precococe (F) SMay-July TPMay-July H Nov-Jan
Kale Acephala Group Red Russian* (SW Ireland) SJan-Jun TP before mid August HNov-Mar
Kale Acephala Group Cavolo Laciniato* Nero di Toscanna Precoce (F) SMay-Jul TPJun-Aug HOct-Dec New strain
Kale Acephala Group Dwarf Green Curled SMar-May PMay-Jun HSept-Mar New
Kale Acephala Group Asparagus Kale (HSL) SMay TP July-Aug
Kale Acephala Group Georgia Southern Collard (HSL) SMay TP July-Aug
Kale B.O longata? Jersey Walking Stick (O) SApr-May TP June-Jul HNov-Mar New 2010
Collard Greens Acephala Group Vates (SW) SJan-Jun TP before mid August HNov-Mar
Kohlrabi Gongylodes Group Purple Vienna (I) S(Jan-Feb) May-July/ June-Aug HApr-Nov
Chinese Broccoli alboglabra group Kailaan (O) SJune-Aug
Oriental and other brassica Greens and Mustards
S1.[Jan-Feb] 2.May-Aug 3.Sept-Oct 4.[Nov-Jan]
Chinese Cabbage B.rapa var Pekinensis unknown var
Chinese Cabbage B.rapa var Pekinensis Michihli
Chinese Cabbage B.rapa var Pekinensis Wong Bok SJun-Aug HAug-Oct
Pak Choi B.rapa var chinensis (K) unknown var
Pak Choi B.rapa var chinensis Canton Dwarf (SS) 
SSept-Oct [Nov-Jan]
Rosette pak choi B.rapa var rosularis Tatsoi 
(O)
Mizuna B. rapa var nipposinica or japonica 
(SS) SMay-Aug or Sept
Komatsuna B.rapa var perviridis (O-Photo) 2010 SMar-Sept HApril> cut 40days
Oriental Greens Stir Fry Mix (O) SApril-Sept contains White Pak Choi, Chinese Kale Full White, Tatsoi, Kaillan, Choy Sum Yukina and Savoy.
Texsel Greens B.carinata Abyssinian Cabbage/Ethiopean Mustard (T) S(Feb or Oct) SMar-Sept.
Indian Mustard Greens Brassica juncea (O) SJune-Sept HAutumn-spring. 55days

MAIZE Zea Mays
S[April]-May PMay-June HJuly-Sept
Sweetcorn Stowells Evergreen (O-Photo) 2010
Strawberry Popcorn (SW) Corn, Popcorn Zea Mays (SWFrance) S(April)May PMay-June HAug-Oct

CUCURBITS Cucurbitaceae
Sow in pots early mid spring and set out after frost S(March-April) TPMay-June
Armenian Cucumber Cucumis melo var.flexuosus (SW) 2009 Poly
Hairy Cucumber Cucucmis melo Bari (SW/SS)
Cucumber Cucumis sativus Satsuki Madori (SW) new 2010
Cucumber (Gherkin) Cucucmis sativus Fin de Meaux (Tz/SS) Poly
Summer eating
Courgette C. pepo Verte D’Italie (G) 2008,2009
Squash, C.pepo Patty Pan Mixed SMar-May HSep-Oct (Un) new 2010
Squash, C.pepo Yellow Crookneck (SW-Mike@PlanB) new 2010
Squash, C.pepo Delicata (O) aka ‘sweet potato squash’ Trailing habit
Squash C.pepo Table Queen (O)
Winter Storage
Pumpkin C.maxima Queensland Blue (SW-Matron)
Pumpkin C.maxima Marina di Chioggia (F)
Squash, Winter C.moschata Butternut * (SS)
Gourds & Unusual Cucurbits
Snake Gourd? lagenera alargadisima lunghissima de sicilia (SW) new 2010
Ridge Gourd/Luffa* Luffa actangula
Sponge Gourd/Luffa smooth Failed 2009 try again
Bitter Gourd/Karela Momordica Charantia. Failed 2009 try again
Achocha Cyclanthera pedata Fat Baby (SW) Failed 2009 try again
Calebasse Lagenaria siceraria (K) new probably edible but growing for the shell
Bottle Gourd (SW) new probably edible but growing for the shell
Melons
Watermelon Citrullus vulgaris Kleckley’s Sweet (SW)
Watermelon Citrullus vulgaris Cream of Saskatchewan (SW)
Watermelon Citrullus vulgaris Yellow from NZ (SW)
Melon Cucumis melo Zatta (Ugly but Good) (F) S[Feb-Apr] TP/S May-June HJul-Nov

LEAFY GREENS & SALAD
Amaranth (Amaranthus caudatus) SApr-May and July-Aug.
Chicory (Cichorium intybus) Variegata Di Chioggia (F)
Chicory (Cichorium intybus) Rouge de Vérone (V) Radicchio S May-July H Oct-March
Chicory (Cichorium intybus) Rossa di Treviso 2 (F) Radicchio S May-Sept H Sept-Dec upright with long red leaves
Chicory (Cichorium intybus) Sugar Loaf (V) SJun-Aug
Chicory (Cichorium intybus) Witloof (Forcing) SMay-July Lift Oct HNov-Mar
Chicory (Cichorium intybus) Barbe de Capucin (Forcing) (G) SMar-Aug HJun-Mar
Chicory (Cichorium intybus) Catalogna Gigante Chioggia (F) S:Mar-Sept
Corn salad/Mâche (Valerianella locusta) A Grosse Graine S:July-Sept, Aug-Oct H:Sept-March
Corn salad/Mâche (Valerianella locusta) Ronde Maraîchère S:Aug-Oct H:Sept-March
Corn salad/Mâche (Valerianella locusta) Coquille de Louviers S:Mid July-Oct H:Sept-March Spacing 20cm (V)
Endive (Cichorium endiva) Frisée De Meaux S(Feb-Mar)May-July HMay-Aug-Oct
Endive (Cichorium endiva) Frisée Fin de Louviers S(Feb-Mar) May-July H May-July & Aug-Oct
Endive (Cichorium endiva) Scarole Ronde verte à coeur plein SMay-Aug
Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum)
Malabar Spinach (Red) SMay-Jun new
Rocket Cultivated* (Eruca Sativa M.) SMar-Oct H:All year
Rocket, Wild (Diplotaxis tenuifolia) SMar-Sept
Chrysanthemum Greens (Chrysanthemum coronarium) S(Feb-March&Sept) & May-Aug
Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) Géant d’Hiver * S Aug-Oct (Oct-Nov-Feb) H Oct-April
Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) Bloomsdale Longstanding (HSL) (39days) new
Swiss Chard (Beta vulgaris var.cicla) Verte a Carde Blanche* (G)(Feb-March) April-June + September

LETTUCE Lactuca sativa
Sow Spring (Dec-Feb), Summer (March-May), Autumn (June-Aug), Winter (Sept-Nov)
May King (Crisphead) winter/spring (O-Photo) 2010
Winter Density (Cos) Winter/spring S:Aug-Sept
Brune D’Hiver Butterhead Winter/Spring
Rouge D’Hiver Romaine Winter/Spring
Rougette de Montpellier butterhead Winter/spring
Valdor (Butterhead) Winter undercover/spring S:Sept-Oct
Corsair (Cos) spring/summer
Sherwood (Cos) spring/summer
Regina dei Ghiacci* (Iceberg) spring/summer
Paris Island Cos (Cos) spring/summer
Sucrine (Romaine) summer
Little Gem (Semi-Cos) summer
Craquerelle du Midi (batavia) summer
Laura (Batavia) summer/autumn
Rouge Grenobloise* (Batavian) autumn/winter lettuce, good in cold and shade.
Verde D’Inverno (Cos) Autumn/Winter/spring S:(Feb-April) July-Oct H Autumn / winter
Gloire de Dauphiné (Batavia) Autumn/Winter/spring S May-July /Sept-Oct New
Greek Maroulli (Cos) (63days) (HSL) 2010
Soulie (butterhead) Heirloom ?
Red Leprechaun (Romaine) autumn ?
Green Salad Bowl, (Loose-leaf) all year S:March-Sept
Red Salad Bowl (Loose-leaf) all year S:March-Sept
Lollo Rosso (Loose-leaf) all year S:March-Sept
Bronze Arrow (looseleaf) all year (HSL) 2010
Sword Lettuce (Lactuca longifolia) Yu Mai Tsai Leaf (SWCandy)

LEGUMES Leguminosae (Fabaceae)
Haricot or Common Bean Phaseolus vulgaris
Sow Direct (March) April-Mid Aug H June-Oct
Haricot (Bush) Fin de Bagnols green filet
Haricot (Bush) Maxidor *(SS) yellow beurre bean
Haricot (Bush) Roi des Beurres / Kinghorn yellow beurre bean S:Mid July
Haricot (Bush) Black Turtle (SW) new 2010
Haricot (Pole) Mountaineers (HSL) White Half Runner new 2010
Haricot (Pole) Blue Queen (HSL) 15-20cm long purple pods new 2010
Haricot (Pole) Supermarconi (F) flat podded green new 2010
Haricot (Pole) Rattlesnake (SW-Mike@PlanB) new 2010
Haricot (Bush) Black Turtle (SWFrance) new 2010
Haricot (Pole) True Red Cranberry (shelling) (SW) new 2010
Pea Pisum sativum
Annual cool season crop Sow round seeded 15 Feb-15 April & End July H May-June & Oct in mild areas S Sept-Nov H March-April wrinkle peas
Pea Duke of Albany Maincrop, Tall
Pea Alderman Maincrop, Tall wrinkled S March 100days
Pea Epicure (HSL) Tall-2-3m new 2010
Pea Mangetout Pisum sativum macrocarpon
Pea (snap) Sugar Anne (O) dwarf S April
Pea (snap) Sugar Snap (O) dwarf S April
Pea (snow) Norli (DO) Tall
Pea (snow) Carouby de Maussane (G) Tall SFeb-April new 2010
Other Legumes
Bean, Broad Vicia Faba. Aquadulce (V) S Oct-Nov H April-May early var
Bean, Runner Phaseolus coccineus Scarlet Emperor (SS) perennial Early
Bean, Long Green Vigna sesquipedalis (F/SS) Undercover (March-April)
Bean, Long Red Vigna sesquipedalis (F/SS) Undercover (March-April)
Bean, Soya Glycine max Fiskeby (SW) new 2010
Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) new 2010
Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) S[Feb-Mar] TP May H Sept 2009

OKRA Abelmoschus esculentus
Sow in Heat early/mid-spring March-April Transplant after last frost
Okra Texas (SW)

ROOTS
PARSNIP Pastinaca sativa S March-April
Parsnip Demi-Long de Guernsey (C) SFeb-May H Sept-April
CARROT Daucus carota
S (Jan-Feb & Nov) S March-July main crop carrot.
Carrot Gigante Flakkée (F) SMarch-July late
Carrot John’s Purple (HSL)
Carrot Red Elephant (HSL)
Carrot Rainbow Mix (O)
Carrot Amsterdam Forcing (O) S(Feb)
BEETROOT Beta vulgaris
I (Oct-Nov) II March-April, III May-June, IV July-Aug
Beetroot Boltardy* (O) early/main crop S:March (S: Nov in polytunnel).
Beetroot di Chioggia (SW) SApr-July Old Italian salad beetroot.
Beetroot Cylindra (W) SApr-July HJuly-Oct
Beetroot Golden Detroit (O) SApr-June HAug-Nov
RADISH Raphanus Sativus
Daikon SJuly-Aug (SW-Kate) Harvest 10-12 wks failed 2009
Daikon Mooli Minowase Nr2 SMay-Aug or July onwards HAug-Nov
Radish Giant Luo Buo (SWCandy) S Late summer early autumn ready 75 days.
Radish French Breakfast (V) S Jan-Feb
Radish Pink Beauty (O-Photo) 2010 SFeb-Sept HMay-Oct
Radish White Icicle (SWCandy) a daikon type radish
TURNIP Brassica rapa var. rapa
Turnip, Rave D’Auvergne Sow late summer / autumn for winter
FENNEL Foeniculum vulgare
Sow after midsummer for autumn & winter crop.(November in polytunnel for spring crop).
Fennel de Parma Sel Prado (F)
Fennel (SW) unknown var
SALSIFY Tragopogon porrifolius
Salsify Mammouth a fleur Rose SMar-June HOct-Apr

SOLANUM
AUBERGINES Solanum Melongena
Annual prefers Hot & Humid conditions S Jan-Mar in heat and plant out after last frost.
*Szechuan (HSL/SS)
*White Egg (SS)
Thai Long Green (SW)
Thai Round white / green (SW)
Black Beauty (SW)

PHYSALIS Solanaceae
Sow undercover 6-8 weeks before last frost, can take up to 3 weeks to germinate, plant out mid spring – early summer or sow direct. S: Mar-April P or S direct May
Physalis (Physalis Peruviana) Coqueret de Perou Height 70-100m (FSM) 2009

CAPSICUMS
Perennial prefers Hot conditions S (Nov) plant out undercover March-April or Sow Jan-Mar in heat
PEPPERS C.Annuum
S Jan-Mar in heat or Aug-Nov for indoors
Doux D’Espagne/ Spanish Mammoth (SS)* Outstanding sweet pepper
Californian Wonder Orange (SS)*
Yellow Cornos (SW/SS) Yellow tapered
Giallo D’Asti Yellow (F) new
Topepo Rosso (F/SS) Red Round tomato shaped pepper.
Cecei (Sweet White pepper) (SWNóra) Hungary new 2010
Kocsolai (Sweet red pepper) (SWNóra) Hungary new 2010
PEPPERS, Chilli
Aci Sivri* (SW) Turkey
Alma Paprika (SWCandy) Heat Level 1 new 2010
Cayenne* (SS) Guyana
Chile De Arbol*  (SW)
Cyklon  mildly hot Poland new 2010
De Bresse  (O) Medium Hot France new 2010
D’Espelette (SS) Heat 3-4/10 French Basque
Exploding Ember  (SW/SS)
Fish Pepper (SW) Heat 10/10
Guajillo (SWCandy) Mexico Heat Level 5-6/10 new 2010
Guindilla*  (MS) Heat 3-4/10 Spain
Grandpa’s Home Pepper  (SS) Siberia
India Goat Horn  (SW) not true but like what I got so breed this one
Istanbul (SS)
Jalapeño, Conchos  (SW/SS) Heat 4/10
Jalapeño, Early  (O) Medium Hot
Jalapeño, (SW)
Kashmiri I 2009  (MS)
Kashmiri II 2009  (MS)
Kalocsai (Hot paprika?)  (SWNóra) Hungary new 2010
Oriental Red  (MS) medium
Pasilla (k) Mexico Heat 1/10
Pasilla Bajio (SS)
Pepperoncini (K) & Golden Greek Pepperoncini  (SS)?
Pimientos de Padrón  Med+Hot Spain
Santaka  Japan Heat 8/10 (SW)
Satan’s Kiss(F/SS) Italy Heat 1/10
Szegedi (Hot paprika) (SWNóra) Hungary new 2010
Thai Red  (MS/SS) Heat Level 8-9
Tepin or Chiletepin C.Annuum var. glabriusculum Heat 8/10 Mexico
~ C.Baccatum
Aji Amarillo  (MS) Peru Heat 7-8/10
Lemon Drop* Heat 8/10
~ C.Chinense
Habanero, Peach C.Chinense Hot
Habanero, Red (MS) C.Chinense Hot
Trinidad Seasoning C.Chinense Mild (SW)
~ C.Pubescens
Rocoto Red Peru.
Rotoco, Alberto
~ C.Frutescens
Tabasco  Louisianna Heat 8/10 Poly

TOMATOES Lycopersicon esculentum
Sow in Heat early/mid-spring March-April or Direct May Transplant after last frost
Tomato Zapotec (SW Candy) Large pink-red fluted tomato. Mexican heirloom
Tomato Ceylon (SWCandy) mini-beefsteak heirloom tomato
Tomato Auntie Madge’s (HSL) small red plum tomato new 2010
Tomato Greek (HSL)
Tomato Double Rich* (K)(SS) red beefsteak
Tomato Cuostralee* (K)(SS) red beefsteak
Tomato Ananas / Pineapple yellow/red beefsteak
Tomato Caro Rich* (K/SS) orange
Tomato Reine D’Or (SS) yellow
Tomato White Beauty (O) White new 2010
Tomato Emerald Evergreen green beefsteak.
Tomato Andean Purple (SWCorsane) collected growing wild in the Andean foothills new 2010
Tomato Eva’s Purple Ball (SW/SS) pink/purple
Tomato Noir De Crimée *(V/SS)black
Tomato Green Zebra (HSL/SS) small vine yellow/green stripe
Tomato Peacevine or Gardeners Delight(HSL/SS) red cherry
Tomato Miel du Mexique (SS) large red cherry
Tomato Roma V.F. determinate paste
Tomato San Marzano2* paste
Tomato Cornu des Andes* paste

GRAINS
Quinoa, Temuco (HSL) S [April] TP May
Quinoa, Rainbow (HSL) S [April] TP May

PERENNIALS
Asparagus Asparagus officinalis*  P spring
Sunchoke /Jerusalem Artichoke Helianthus tuberosus. Asteraceae P March H Nov-March
Cardoon Cynara cardunculus.Asteraceae Plein Blanc Enerme S (March-April)-May H Sept-Dec
Rhubarb Rheum undulatum S July-Sept P Oct-Dec Harvest the following year.

FUNGHI
I have not grown mushrooms before so this will be a big learning curve. The aim of adding mushrooms to our edible garden is to cut down the amount of animal protein we eat and to broaden our year-round harvest. I am also fascinated to learn more about mushrooms after hearing Paul Stamets talk on mushrooms.
Tree Oyster Mushroom Pleurotus Ostreatus . Habitat broadleaf hardwoods in spring and autumn.
Incubate mycelium on wood indoors in warm humid conditions ( 25c for 4-8weeks, humidity 85-95%) no light necessary. Formation bring outdoors to a light place 12-15c for 30 days, humidity 95-100% Fruiting 10-21c, humidity 85-95%) Stamets says Oyster are the easiest mushrooms to grow so I will star there.

HERBS/span>
Mexican Tarragon (sweet mace)(SW Candy) Hardy Annual/Tender Perennial.
Summer Savory (SW Candy)
Mammoth Dill (SW Candy)
Mitsuba Japanese parsley (Honewort) (Cryptotaenia japonica) A hardy perennial woodland plant Sow late spring and early autumn (SWNóra)
Perilla/shiso (Perilla frutescens) Red
Perilla/shiso (Perilla frutescens) Korean large leaved green (SWCandy)
Basils: Genovese, Lime, Purple, Thai
Parsley Giant Italian Flatleaf
Alongside plenty of perennial herbs Rosemary, thyme, oregano, bay, tarragon, sage, mint etc.

KEY Those marked with a * are my favourite varieties ones I will always grow because they produce well and are valued in my kitchen.
S Sow TP Transplant P Plant H Harvest
Seed Source Code (SS) self saved (SW)Seed Swap (K) Kokopelli (HSL) Heritage Seed Library (F) Franchi Seeds (V)Vilmorin (DO) Duchy Originals (O) Organic Seed Catalogue (T) Tuckers Seeds (RS) Real Seeds (N) Nicky’s Seeds (PC) Potager d’un Curieux (Eden) The Eden Project (LeP) Le Paysan (Tz) Tezier (C) Caillard(AH) Amish Heirloom Seeds (Mar) saved from a market fruit

Best Preserving Tomatoes

In 2008 I grew a selection of tomatoes for preserving because I wanted to see if there was anything better than my usual favourite, San Marzano.  Now that I am thinking about what varieties to grow this year it’s a good time to review my little trial.

A selection of cooking and preserving tomatoes

Tomatoes make some of the most useful and delicious preserves for winter, things like: passata, coulis de tomate, tomato concentrate, pastes and sauces and of course dried tomatoes so I like to grow plenty of tomatoes to conserve. With any comparison it is worth bearing in mind the criteria; I am looking for tomatoes that produce in abundance, with dense, dryish flesh, few seeds, easy to peel/process, with good colour and of course flavour; I want intense deep flavours when cooked or dried.  Here’s what I found.

The standard bearer - San Marzano II, 2008

San Marzano

Large, 10cm long, blocky plum shaped, red tomatoes, with dry flesh and few seeds. The fruit is almost hollow with only two seed cavities and dry flesh, which makes it excellent for drying and great for bottling whole.
The tomatoes are easy to peel once scalded, when cooked the tomato flavour intensifies and so does the colour so they are great for sauces and passata. I find the plants are best grown as double cordons (that is with two stems trained up a hefty metal pole). Plants are robust and will stand up well to high temperatures and strong winds but  San Marzano tomatoes really don’t like to get too dry at the roots and are prone to blossom end rot if there is too much moisture fluctuation, so they do need an extra bit of care to grow well. San Marzano are prolific producing huge vines of long red plum tomatoes over a long period, typically in my garden from July right up until the first frosts so even if dry spells affect them early on in the season they will still carry on and produce good fruit later on. Verdict Still top of the pile in my opinion as an all round conserving tomato, particularly for passata, drying and bottling. If I could only grow one variety for conserving it would be this one. If you raise them carefully they are a great, if not the best, conserving tomato.

Roma VF

The other classic conserving tomato is Roma, popular with the canning industry and I can understand why, it is so easy to process and tastes great. It is a wonderful deep red, plump plum tomato with a little point on the blossom end. The tomatoes are thin skinned, with thick juicy flesh and a deep rich tomatoey taste. Plants are very productive, I grew six plants, which produced buckets of fruit. This variety of Roma is a determinate one and the bulk of the crop was ready to harvest at the same time, which can be useful if you want to do your conserving in one big batch. It was also pretty resilient and had no problem with blossom end rot when San Marzano was affected.Verdict Roma really came out as contender because the tomatoes were actually better than San Marzano for flavour and texture when cooked but the messy sprawling growth habit and short cropping season meant that San Marzano would win out in my garden. However I think growing both is ideal for my purposes, a big crop of tomatoes for preserving in quantity as well as a steady supply over 4 months. Perhaps a double row; with San Marzano at the back and these shorter plants on the front of a south facing row.

Cornu Des Andes

Now this tomato was a real surpsrise, producing great big pointy pepper shaped tomatoes with solid meaty flesh, good taste and easy to peel once scalded. I found it was able to withstand dry / wet fluctuations (a real problem with the summer we had in 2008) and seems to be less prone to blossom-end-rot than San Marzano. However the big downside was that it was not an abundant producer and produced only a small number of fruits. Plants were frail in comparison to San Marzano with thin straggly stems that needed lots of support.  Individual fruits are larger and meatier than San Marzano, so 1 or 2 fruits were enough for most dishes, but the plants sadly did not produce very many fruits.  NB I only grew 2 plants in this trial so it is a limited sample from which to draw any firm conclusions. Verdict All in all I loved Cornu Des Andes despite its low productivity, it had great flavour and a wonderful dense, smooth texture. It really is a superb cooking and conserving tomato. I’ll definitely grow it again and maintain the seeds. Hopefully I will be able to select the seeds over the years to develop a more robust and productive strain in the future because I’ll want more of these little beauties.

Oroma

Very disappointed with this variety. I chose it from the Kokopelli seed catalogue because it said the variety is easy to peel which would be an advantage for a conserving or cooking tomato, however I found it impossible to peel untreated and no easier than Cornu des Andes or Roma VF and in fact I found it more difficult to peel than San Marzano, once scalded. The tomatoes are a slender plum, pale red with poor mealy flesh. The plants are determinate and in my garden they sprawled about the place and were a mess in no time. It provided a fairly meagre crop compared to the others in this trial. All can be forgiven for a tasty tomato but this one failed even that and had no particularly distinguishing taste.  All in all a pretty poor show. With so many other great tomatoes I won’t even give this one a second go.

Principe Borghese

This was the biggest disappointment of my trial of 2008. I had such high hopes for this tomato because every reference I’ve found for it claims it as the best variety for drying. Sadly, in my experience, nothing could be have been further from the truth and any one of the other tomatoes I tried drying made a better sun-dried tomato than these did. The skins are so thick, the flesh was thin and watery and there are so many seeds in these small tomatoes that by the time they are fully dried they are actually difficult to eat; a tough almost inedible morsel that tastes of very little because all that is left is skin and seeds. Nasty!
On the plus side the plants are prolific and produce big bunches of small, deep red fruit, plum shaped with a point on the blossom end and lots of them, however the determinate habit also means that if left alone the plants get a bit wild for my liking and end up spilling over neighbouring crops. I ended up taking out some of the side shoots to calm the things down. 
Verdict
I don’t want to reject this tomato on the basis of only one season’s growth but I did give it a fair chance with six plants, and frankly I don’t want to grow lots of useless tomatoes. I got the seeds in a swap so it may be there are better strains out there and I could give this variety another go with another batch of seeds if anyone has seeds they can recommend trying. As it stands I think they are really too small, seedy and tough skinned to be a good conserving tomato, they make terrible sun-dried tomatoes and are not well flavoured enough as a salad tomato. They do have one advantage however and that is that the tough skins mean they store well and seem to last a really long time, particularly if left on the vine. I also tried freezing this variety, which worked quite well, you still have the skins and seeds to deal with, but they provide a useful winter soup or stew ingredient.

Porter

I grew an old variety from Texas called Porter in 2007 because I was looking for tomatoes that could stand dessert conditions. I ended up with a few ‘volunteers’ turn up in the potager 2008, which made for a useful comparison when looking for the best conserving tomatoes in my trial. The fruits are of a similar shape and size to Principe Borghese but are a dark pink colour with dense flesh and fewer seeds.
Verdict These tomatoes can work as a sauce tomato as they have thin skins and less seeds and can easily be put through a passata machine or sieve to make a fairly decent, though less red passata, particularly if roasted first. In comparison however, they really are not as good as San Marzano, Roma or Cornu Des Andes for cooking nor as good as some of the cherry or olive types for eating fresh. However, the big plus for Porter in my garden is that they are robust, prolific and will stand high temperatures, dry conditions and even neglect and still crop well. So I think it is worth carrying the seeds forward and growing them every few years to keep the supply going.

A few others worth a mention
Not strictly conserving tomatoes but I found that the juicier beefsteak tomatoes: Double Rich and Cuostrallee also make particularly good chutneys and sauces.

Read more about making tomato paste and  preserving tomatoes on my recipes site, Cevenol Kitchen.

Seed List 2009

This is my list of the varieties to grow for 2009.  It takes years, a life time probably, to find the very best varieties to suit your growing location and the taste of the cook. I grow a large selection, in small amounts, trying new things and continuing with the crops that really work for us.  I really don’t think I will be able to pack this lot in but I am going to have a good go. I am supposed to be scalling back this year, as I won’t be able to spend so much time on the garden, but I just can’t help it so it will be interesting to see what makes it in and what produces well with less input from me.

Tomato, Double Rich

ALLIUMS Alliaceae

Onion, A.cepa Rossa Lunga Di Firenze / Red Torpedo*
Onion A.cepa Rossa di Milano (SS)
Onion A.cepa Rose de roscoff (SW)

Onion A.cepa Blanca de Lisboa
Onion
A.cepa Giugnese / Bianca di Maggio(F) 
Onion
A.cepa De Rebouillon (T)
Onion
A.cepa Tonda Musona (F) 
Onion
A.cepa Banana Shallot
Garlic
A.Sativum Italian White (SS)
Garlic
A.Sativum Asiatic Turban (SW) 
Garlic
A.Sativum Uzbek Turban (SW) 
Leek
A.porrum Bleu de Solaise (V) 

BRASSICA Brassicaceae
Broccoli, Purple Sprouting
B.oleracea Rudolph extra early *(O)
Broccoli, Purple Sprouting
B.oleracea Late (O)
Broccoli, Purple Sprouting
B.oleracea Early (O)
Broccoli
B.oleracea Botrytis Cymosa Romanesco*
Brussels Sprouts
B.oleracea Gemmifera Group Noisette
Cabbage, Savoy Ormskirk
* (T)  B.oleracea capitata
Kale
B.oleracea Acephala Red Russian * (SW) 
Kale
B.oleracea Acephala  Cavolo Nero / Black Tuscan Kale*
Kale
B.oleracea Acephala Georgia Southern Collard (HSL) 
Kale Asparagus Kale
(HSL)
Kale / Collard Greens
B.oleracea Acephala Vates (SW) 
Kohlrabi Purple Vienna
(I) 
Abyssinian Cabbage
B.caranata Texsel (T)

BRASSICA, Oriental read Selecting & Growing Oriental Brassicas
Chinese Cabbage
B.rapa var Pekinensis unknown var
Chinese Cabbage
B.rapa var Pekinensis Michihli
Pak Choi
B.rapa var chinensis (K) aka Bok Choy 
Pak Choi
B.rapa var chinensis Canton Dwarf (SS) 
Pak Choi
B.rapa var chinensis Green Revolution (N) S
Rosette pak choi
B.rapa var rosularis Tatsoi
Mizuna
(SS) B. rapa var japonica
Vitamin Greens
B. rapa (Narinosa group)

CORN
Sweetcorn
Zea Mays Ashworth (RS) 
Sweetcorn
Zea Mays Golden Bantam

CUCURBITS Cucurbitaceae
Armenian Cucumber
Cucumis melo var. flexuosus(SW) new
Cucumber
Cucucmis sativus Bari (SW) new
Cucumber
Cucucmis sativus  Burpless Tasty Green * (O)
Cucumber (Gherkin)
Cucucmis sativus  Fin de Meaux (Tz/SS) 
Courgette
C. pepo Verte D’Italie* (G) 
Squash, Summer
C. pepo Thelma Sanders Sweet Potato Squash (RS)
Pumpkin
C. maxima Blue Hubbard (SW)
Pumpkin
C. maxima Uncle David’s Dakota Dessert squash (SW) 
Pumpkin
C. maxima Green Hokkaido* (FdM/SS)  
Squash, Winter
C. moschata. Butternut * (SS)
Kiwano
African horned cucumber Cucumis metuliferus (SW) new
Achocha
Cyclanthera pedata (SW) new
Mexican Gherkin
Melothria scabra (Eden) 
Chayote
Sechium edule (SS) 
Karela / Bitter Gourd
Momordica Charantia. new
Loofah Angled
Luffa actangula new
Loofah Smooth / Sponge Loofah
Luffa cylindrica (SW) new
Watermelon
(Citrullus vulgaris) Kleckley’s Sweet (SW) new
Watermelon
(Citrullus vulgaris) Cream of Saskatchewan (SW) new

LEAF & SALAD
Mâche
(Valerianella locustaA Grosse Graine
Mâche
(Valerianella locustaRonde Maraîchère
Mâche
(Valerianella locustaCoquille de Louviers (V)
Rocket Feuille d’Olive
(Eruca vesicaria subsp.sativa. Brassicaceae)
Rocket Cultivated
* (Eruca Sativa M.)
Rocket
Wild (Diplotaxis tenuifolia)
Endive
(Cichorium endiva) Frisée Fin de Louviers (LeP
Endive
(Cichorium endiva) FriséeDe Meaux
Endive
(Cichorium endiva) Scarole
Chicory,
(Cichorium intybus) Witloof
Chicory,
(Cichorium intybus) Rouge de Vérone Red radicchio(V) 
Chicory,
(Cichorium intybus) Variegata Di Chioggia Variegated Red radicchio (F)
Chicory
(Cichorium intybus) Sugar Loaf (V) 
Chicory
, (Cichorium intybus) Catalogna Gigante Chioggia (F) 
Spinach
Spinacia oleracea Géant d’Hiver
Chrysanthemum Greens
Glebionis coronaria
Swiss Chard
Beta vulgaris CiclaVerte a Carde Blanche*  
Amaranth
????.Amaranthaceae new 
Perilla, Green (Shiso)
Perilla frustescens new   

LETTUCE Lactuca sativa
Sow Lettuces for: Spring (Dec-Feb), Summer (March-May), Autumn (June-Aug), Winter (Sept-Nov)
Lettuce Corsair Cos spring/summer/autumn 
Lettuce Brune D’Hiver
Butterhead  Winter/Spring 
Lettuce Rouge D’Hiver
Romaine Winter/Spring
Lettuce Rougette de Montpellier
butterhead Winter/spring 
Lettuce Gloire de Dauphiné
(Batavia) Winter 
Lettuce Winter Density
* (Cos) Winter/spring 
Lettuce Verde D’Inverno
(Cos) Autumn/Winter/spring 
Lettuce Valdor
(Butterhead) winter undercover/spring
Lettuce Sherwood
(Cos)  Spring
Lettuce Regina dei Ghiacci
* (Iceberg) spring/summer  Italian
Lettuce Reine des Glaces
* ( Iceberg) spring/summer  French 
Lettuce Paris Island Cos
(Cos) spring/summer 
Lettuce Sucrine
(Romaine) summer 
Lettuce Little Gem
(Semi-Cos) summer 
Lettuce Craquerelle du Midi
(batavia) summer 
Lettuce Laura
(Batavia)  summer/autumn 
Lettuce Soulie
(butterhead) 
Lettuce Rouge Grenobloise*
(Batavian) autumn/winter 
Lettuce Red Leprechaun
(Romaine) autumn 
Lettuce Green Salad Bowl
, (Loose-leaf) all year 
Lettuce Red Salad Bowl
(Loose-leaf)  all year 
Lettuce Lettuce Ubriacona
(Loose-leaf)  all year
Lettuce Brunia
,  (Loose-leaf)  all year 
Mesclun
Home made mix includes :

LEGUMES Fabaceae / Leguminosae
Bean, Broad
Vicia Faba. Aquadulce Claudia (F) 
Haricot
Phaseolus vulgaris
Haricot  (Dwarf) Fin de Bagnols filet
Haricot  (Dwarf) Roi des Beurres / Kinghorn yellow beurre bean
Haricot (Dwarf) Maxidor *(SS) yellow beurre bean
Haricot  (Climbing) CosseViolette (G) purple
Haricot (Climbing) Buenos Aires flat podded green
Haricot (Climbing)Tarbais (K)  white shelling
Haricot (Climbing)True Red Cranberry shelling
Haricot (Climbing)Yin Yang / orca or Calypso bean shelling
Haricot (Climbing) Butterscotch Bean shelling
Bean, Snake / Yard Long
Vigna unguiculata sesquipedalis (F/SS) Undercover 
Bean, Runner
Phaseolus coccineus Scarlet Emperor (SS) Early 
Bean (Runner)
Phaseolus coccineus Meesher (HSL) 
Pea
Pisum sativum
Pea Duke of Albany Maincrop, Tall
Pea Alderman (SW)Maincrop, Tall
Pea Petit Provencal Early, H 45cm
Pea Purple Podded Pea Tall 
Pea Mangetout
Pisum sativum macrocarpon Sow Feb – April & July
Pea (snap) Sugar Ann (T) mid, H 65cm
Pea (snow) Mammoth Melting Sugar Tall
Pea (snow) Taiwan* Early, Tall
Pea (snow) Golden Sweet Yellow
Pea (snow) Norli (DO) H 60cm

OKRA

Okra
Abelmoschus esculentus Texas

ROOTS
Parsnip
Pastinaca sativa  White Gem (T&M) medium length smooth 
Parsnip
Pastinaca sativa  Demi-Long de Guernsey (C) 
Parsnip
Pastinaca sativa Guernsey (HSL)
Carrot
Daucus carota Nantaise (K) all year 
Carrot
Daucus carota John’s Purple (HSL) 
Carrot
Daucus carota Red Elephant (HSL) 
Celeriac
Apium graveolensvar.rapaceum Monarch (T&M) 
Beetroot Boltardy*
(O) main summer crop
Beetroot Rouge Crapaudine
(K) Autumn-winter crop
Beetroot Golden Detroit
(O) Yellow 
Beetroot Lutz Winterkeeper
winter crop & store
Fennel
Foeniculum vulgare de Parma Sel Prado (F) autumn & winter crop
Turnip
Brassica rapa var. rapa Rave D’Auvergne autumn & winter crop 
Radish
Raphanus Sativus French Breakfast
Radish
Raphanus Sativus Daikon (mooli) (SW) autumn & winter crop

SOLANUMS Soloanaceae
AUBERGINES
Solanum Melongena.
Szechuan *(HSL/SS) 
Thai Long Green
(RS) long pale green
Vkus Gribov
(SW) (Taste of Mushroom) white
Thai Round
(SW) white / green
Black Beauty (T&M) classic club shaped dark purple
Skorospelij small fing er size purple

PEPPERS Sweet & Mild C.Annuum
Doux D’Espagne/ Spanish Mammoth*
Lipstick
(SW)
Red Pimento
(SW) 
Yellow Cornos
(SW) 
Nardello
(HSL/SS)   
Californian Wonder
(Orange bell) (SS) 
Golden Tranquility
(yellow bell) (SW)
PEPPERS Medium for pickling & Paprika
C.Annuum
Pimientos Piquillo
(SW)
Romanian Antohi
(RL) 
Pimientos de Padrón
Spain
Golden Greek Pepperoncini
? (SS)
Pepperoncini
(K) 
Ancho 101
(SW) poor germ 
Lombardo
(F)
PEPPERS Hot & Spicy
Aci Sivri
C.annuum. (SW) Turkish
Amarillo
C.Baccatum (MS)  Heat 7-8/10
Bob’s Black Sea Chilli
C.annuum.(SW)
Cayenne (SS) Heat 7-8/10 
Ciligia Piccante/Satan’s Kiss
C.Annuum Heat 1/10
Chile De Arbol
Heat 6-7/10 (SW) New seeds 2009
Chiletepin orTepin
C.Annuum var. glabriusculum Heat 8/10 Mexico 
Cyclon
C.Annuum (SW)  Poland
D’Espelette
C.Annuum Heat 3-4/10 French Basque 
Exploding Ember
C.Annuum (SW/SS)  
Fish Pepper
C.Annuum (SW) Heat 10/10 
Guindilla
C.Annuum (Mar) Heat 3-4/10 Spain 
Grandpa’s Home Pepper
C.Annuum (SS) Siberia
Habanero
, Peach C.Chinense Hot
Habanero, Red
(Mar) C.Chinense Heat 10/10 
Holy Mole
C.Annuum (SW) Pasilla type  F1 
Hungarian Death
C.Annuum (AH/SW) Hungary, Very Hot
India Goat Horn
C.Annuum (SW) 
Jalapeño Conchos
C.Annuum (SW/SS) Heat 4/10
Jalapeño
C.Annuum (SW) new seeds 2009
Kashmiri 2009
C.Annuum (MS) Heat 7/10 market pepper
Lemon Drop . Heat 8/10 (K/SS)
Maroccan Green Hot
C.Annuum (Mar)
Oriental Red
C.Annuum (Mar) mild
Pasilla
(k) C.Annuum Mexico Heat 1/10 poor germ but got 1 to germinate
Rocoto Red
C.Pubescens (SW) Peru
Rotoco
, Alberto C.Pubescens (SW)
Santaka
C.Annuum (SW) Japan Heat 8/10 
Scotch Bonnet, yellow
C.Chinense (PC) Caribbean
Serrano
C.Annuum (SW) Heat 5/10 
Tabasco
C.Frutescens (Tz) Louisianna Heat 8/10 
Thai Red
C.Annuum (Mar/SS) Heat Level 8-9 

PHYSALIS Solanaceae
Sow undercover 6-8 weeks before last frost, can take up to 3 weeks to germinate, plant out mid spring – early summer or sow direct.
Ground Cherry/Physalis
(Physalis Pubescens) Goldie (K) (SS) height of 30-40cm
Ground Cherry/Physalis
(Physalis Peruviana) Golden Berry Height 50-100cm
Physalis
(Physalis  ????) A Gout de Prune S: Mar-April (PdC) said to taste like plums.
Tomatillo, Purple Physalis philadelphicafor mexican savory sauces 

TOMATOES (Solanum lycopersicum) Lycopersicon esculentum
Sow in Heat March-April or Direct May Transplant after last frost
Tomato Cyril’s Choice
(HSL) 
Tomato Greek
(HSL) 
Tomato
Double Rich*  (K)(SS) red beefsteak 
Tomato
Cuostralee (K)(SS) red beefsteak
Tomato Ananas/ Pineapple
yellow/red beefsteak 
Tomato Emerald Evergreen
green beefsteak.
Tomato
Green Zebra (HSL/SS) small yellow/green stripe
Tomato
Black Zebra (Mar) small black/red stripe
Tomato
Tigerella (SW) small yellow/red stripe 
Tomato Zuchero
(B&Q)small plum 
Tomato Yellow Pear
(SW)
Tomato
Noir De Crimée *(V/SS)black 
Tomato
Spanish Black (Mar) 
Tomato
Kumato (Mar) black  
Tomato
Caro Rich* (K/SS) orange 
Tomato
Eva’s Purple Ball (SW/SS) pink/purple 
Tomato
White Rabbit (K)(SS) white cherry 
Tomato
Brown Berry (SW) brown cherry 
Tomato Black Cherry
(K/SS) brown cherry 
Tomato Peacevine
(HSL/SS) red cherry 
Tomato
Roma V.F. determinate paste 
Tomato
San Marzano*  paste 
Tomato
Cornu des Andes* paste

PERENNIALS
I am hoping to start a perennial garden; taking the form of a forest that willl mirror nature and contain plants that self-seed or produce a crop year after year. 
Asparagus
Asparagus officinalis
Sunchoke /Jerusalem Artichoke
Helianthus tuberosus. Asteraceae
Cardoon
Cynara cardunculus.Asteraceae Plein Blanc Enerme S (March-April)-May H Sept-Dec 
Welsh Onion
Allium fistulosum perennial
Tree Onion
Allium cepa proliferum Amish (SW) perennial
Tree Onion
Allium cepa proliferum Egyptian Walking Onion (SW) perennial 
Garlic Chives
Allium
Sorrel
Rumex Scutatus perennial   (O)

KEY Those marked with a * are my favourite varieties ones I will always grow because they produce well and are valued in my kitchen. 
S
Sow TP Transplant P Plant  H Harvest
Seed Source Code
(SS) self saved (SW)Seed Swap (K) Kokopelli (HSL) Heritage Seed Library (F) Franchi Seeds (V)Vilmorin (DO) Duchy Originals (O) Organic Seed Catalogue (T) Tuckers Seeds (RS) Real Seeds (N) Nicky’s Seeds (PC) Potager d’un Curieux (Eden) The Eden Project (LeP) Le Paysan  (Tz) Tezier (C) Caillard(AH) Amish Heirloom Seeds (Mar) saved from a market fruit
Thanks to seed swappers:  David at Piglets Plots, Patrick at Bifurcated Carrots,Christina at A thinking Stomach,  Sharon at Mustard Plaster ,  James at Growing Groceries, Matron at Down on the Allotment , Cindy in Texas, Anslem in Spain, Teleri from Olives and Artichokes, Bob in Tasmania, Søren from In The Toad’s Garden

Seeds Removed from list
I’ve had a problem with some of the seeds I’ve received in swaps and through Kokopelli members sharing scheme. The problem has been one of poor viability, I have a load of poor seeds particularly capsicums, old or not stored properly whatever they just won’t germinate so I’ve finally given up on them and removed them from the list after one last go with them last month. 
Sweet Cherry
(K) 
Ancho San Luis
(SW) 
Anaheim TMR
23 (SW) 
Cascabella
(SW) 
Chile De Arbol
(SW) 2008 
Jalapeño
C.Annuum (SW) 2008 came from Tesco peppers I believe no germination 
Pasilla
Bajio C.Annuum (SW) 
Trinidad Seasoning
C.Chinense (SW) poor germ last year, weak plants produced no fruit this year no germination from remaining seeds.

Seed List 2008

My seed list is now finalised for 2008. I have to admit it is getting a bit out of hand this year with 33 tomato varieties, 18 lettuces and 32 varieties of capsicum, but they are what I like eating the most so there is reason to this madness. It will be a miracle if I can squeeze this lot in but I am going to try, many of the chillis are already growing as house plants still from last season.

Long Bean Harvest 2007

The success of 2007 was undoubtedly Snake or Yard long beans shown above.

Agretti or Salsola Soda (SW) Crunchy stems reminiscent of Samphire eat raw or steam when young. Rich in vitamins & minerals. 
Aubergine,
Szechuan (HSL) Long thin Chinese aubergine, collected by Joy Larkom in Chengdu, Szechuan in 1994 
Aubergine, Violette Longue Droite
(K)  Long medium slim white tinged lavender fruit
Bean
(Broad), Aquadulce Claudia (F) Best for autumn sowing produing excellent tasting beans in May. Use fresh, freeze or dry.       
Bean
(French Dwarf ), Duel (Tr) Green mangetout beans. Prolific crops, over a long period, of long fine green beans. Sow (March) and again mid April -May. 
Bean
(French Dwarf), Fin de Bagnols Very fine 17-18cm long green beans. Sow April-Aug H June-Oct 
Bean
(French Dwarf), Maxidor(G), Mangetout Beurre taste almost like sweetcorn 14-17 long tender wax pods. Sow mid April – Mid May outdoors 
Bean
(French Dwarf), Roi des Beurres (Kinghorn), (LeP), Mangetout Beurre 13-14cm long yellow pods  S April-Mid Aug  H June-Oct 
Bean
(French Dwarf), Purple Queen(U) - Purple mangetout beans. Very tasty pods that turn grey green when cooked. Sow mid April – Mid May outdoors   
Bean
(Runner), Scarlet Emperor(O)heavy early cropping runner with full flavoured long textured dark-green pods. 
Bean
(Runner) Goliath (K) An old variety, also known as prizetaker, is productive, flowers are red, pods are medium dark green and 40cm long with black and purple seeds. ONLY 5 seeds in the packet non of them germinated
Bean
(Shelling)Spagna bianco(F) – Large white beans, nearest i can find to a butter bean  
Bean
(Soya) Edamame Agate (K) 
Bean
(Yard Long)Snake (F) (SS) Vigorous climber with superb tasting 60cm long pale green pods. Excellent polytunnel crop. 
Beetroot Boltardy
(O) Excellent main crop of smooth round sweet tasting roots resistant to bolting. Sow early spring and Autumn. 
Beetroot
Rouge Crapaudine(K) Long slender roots, reputedly the oldest variety of beetroot. For Autumn harvest.  
Beetroot
Golden Detroit(O) Yellow fleshed beet good storer and resistant to bolting
Broccoli Raab
90 / 40 day(F) Also called Broccoletto or Cima de Rapa or turnip tops. Fast growing Italian leafy delicacy. 
Broccoli (Sprouting)
Wok Broc (O) Harvest Aug -Oct May not use this as broccoli does not crop well in summer here 
Broccoli (Purple Sprouting)
Rudolph(O) Harvest Oct-Jan
Broccoli (Purple Sprouting) Late
(O) Harvest Jan-Feb 
Broccoli (Purple Sprouting) Early
(O) Harvest Marc 
Broccoli Romanesco
(O) Outstanding lime green conical heads like a cauliflower with delicious crisp nutty sweet taste. 
Brussels Sprout,
Noisette(O) Small to medium sprouts of delicious nutty flavour
Cabbage (Chinese) Pak Choi Green Revolution
(N) pale green stems and green spoon shaped leaves. This  turned out top be an F1 so won’t be saving the seeds to grow again.
Cabbage (Chinese) Pak Choi
(K) 25cm tall. Stems are thick and leaves are medium green and round. 
Cabbage (Chinese) Pak Choi Canton Dwarf
Open pollinated. A compact,dwarf Pak Choi producing short,broad,thick,pure white stems with darkgreen leaves.Good tolerance to heat.  
Cabbage (Chinese) Chinese Cabbage Pe-Tsai
In my experience this one does not heart up. Best grown undercover in winter.
Cabbage (Chinese) Chinese Cabbage Michihili
(K) Erect 45cm, tightly wrapped cylindrical heads, with dark green leaves and white ribs 
Cabbage (Chinese)
Tatsoi Yukina (T) Prostrate pak choi with dark green glossy leaves non-hearting, grows best in low temperatures.
Cabbage (Chinese)
Tatsoi Tah Tsai (K) Spoon shaped dark green glossy leaves, grows best in low temperatures. 
Cabbage Quintal D’Alsace
(G) The classic cabbage for Sauerkraut, white dense heads for winter-spring harvest.
Cabbage (Savoy) Ormskirk
(T) Outstanding dark green crinkly flavourful leaves for winter-spring harvest. 
Capsicum (Sweet), Doux D’Espagne
Outstanding pepper; prolific crops of long tapered green, maturing to red, tasty juicy fruits. 
Capsicum (Sweet), Sweet Cherry
(K) Small 5cm cherry shaped sweet red peppers , good pickled. 70days No germ.
Capsicum (Sweet) Topepo Rosso
Round tomato shaped pepper, thick flesh good stuffer. 1 plant overwintered in tunnel
Capsicum  (Sweet) Relleno Jaune
(K)15cm long, slender, blunt ended fruits, cold tolerant. Good for stuffing or frying.   
Capsicum (Sweet)
Lombardo (V) Italian green frying pepper. 12-15cm long, thin skin and sweet, good pickled. 70 days failed 
Capsicum (Sweet)
Buran (SW) Polish heirloom. Said to be extremely sweet and productive  90 days  
Capsicum (Sweet)
Nardello(HSL) An Italian heirloom frying pepper. Long, sweet twisted red peppers with a slightly spicy, smoky flavour. 65-75 days. 
Capsicum
(Sweet) Chervena Chujski(SW) A Bulgaria heirloom. Good yields of 3 ½” long by 1 ½” wide sweet, red peppers. 85-90 days No germination
Capsicum
(Mild) Turkish Sweet Cayenne (SW) Pods mature from green to yellow, to orange to red. 70 days. Pods are crinkled and curled. No germination
Capsicum (Mild) Golden Greek Pepperoncini
?* Outstanding: Matures early. Large plants of about 5ft produce masses of  peppers. Fruit are mild with a hint of liquorishy spice, thin-walled, and mature from green to red. Use: Fried, grilled, stuffed, raw or pickled. early 62 days (R) NB these mature from green to red with a lot of variation and I don’t think it is actually Golden Greek Pepperoncini see rogue chillis
Capsicum  (Mild)
Pimiento de Barcelona(SS) Heart shaped fleshy paprika peppers with a hint of heat. SS Barcelona Market. 
Capsicum  (Mild)
Pimiento de Padron (SW) The Spanish tapas pepper. These did not grow as expected the small conical peppers were so hot I could not use them for the traditional Tapas of panfried peppers. They should be mild with only one in 30 or so being hot. These were nearly all too hot to use as anything but chilli seasoning. I will source new seeds for next year
Capsicum  (Mild)
Trinidad Seasoning Pepper A mild Habanero. 5cm long red fruits with an amazing exotic fruit flavour. These came from a street market in Tobago and were saved by Colin. (SW) 
Capsicum  (Mild) Pasilla
Long thin pods mature to dark chocolate brown with raisin like aroma. Use dried or fresh. failed
Capsicum ((Mild) Pepperoncini
(K)  Italian pepper from Tuscany. Use green or red. Very mild spicy flavour, also pickled.
Capsicum  (Med)
Kashmiri (SW) Dark red Indian chilli pepper, famous for the flavour and colour it provides. Use fresh or dried. These came from a seed swap and I am still not sure these are true Kashmiri chillis. 
Capsicum ((Med) Paprika
(K) very disappointing pepper with little flavour and skin so tough as to be almost inedible.won’t grow it again
Capsicum ((Med) Ciligia Piccante
* also known as Santan’s Kiss. Compact plants provide big crops of small round 4-5cm red cherry chillis. Spicy hot when raw these chilli loose a lot of their heat when cooked. Excellent stuffed and pickled, tapas style. (F)  
Capsicum (Med) Romanian Antohi
A pungent well flavoured paprika pepper with some heat makes great powder. 
Capsicum (Med) Anaheim TMR 23
Relatively mild chilli and an old favourite. Long tapering green peppers borne on sturdy plants with good foliage cover. 74 days failed
Capsicum (Med)
Maroccan Green(SS) 15cm long tapered green fruit with some heat. Seeds saved from a market pepper. failed 
Capsicum (Med) Rocoto Orange
(SS) Apple shaped translucent fleshy orange fruit with delicious flavour and black seeds. I took the seeds from an unusually mild rocoto. C.Pubescens can be slow to germinate. Use fresh.
Capsicum (Med) Black Sea Chillis
(SW) These seeds came from a seed saver in Tazmania who has grown them for over 20 years.
Capsicum
(Med) Grandpa’s Home Pepper (SW) A miniature Siberian pepper for growing indoors in pots, small red semi-hot peppers.  70 Days 
Capsicum
(Med) Explosive Ember (SW) 1in conical fruit ripen from dark purple to red on compact stunning plants with purple foliage and flowers. C. Annum 
Capsicum
(Med) Jalapeño Conchos Plants are tall bearing cylindrical smooth dark green pods 7-10cm long. Mild to medium heat and very useful mild chilli with thick flesh. This variety is an F1 but I am going to try saving seeds from it. 2500-10000 Scovilles Heat level 5-6   
Capsicum
(Med) Jalapeño Standard Jalapeños have 3″ thick walled fruits ripening from green to red when they become sweet. No germination (SW) 
Capsicum (Hot) Rotoco
(SW) not too clear about what this pepper will be 
Capsicum (Hot) Rocoto Red
(SW) C.Pubescens Fleshy apple shaped chilli with a lot of heat 
Capsicum  (Hot) D’Espelette
(K) Great tasting old French Pays Basque variety,7-9 cm long cone shaped red fruits.
Capsicum  (Hot) Cayenne
(SS) A lovely hot chilli. 6-8cm long pods maturing from green to red. Great fresh, dries well and makes an excellent powder. Sturdy 4ft plants are prolific croppers. 
Capsicum
(Hot) Lemon Drop(K) (SS) 5cm long crinkly yellow chilli peppers produced on beautiful arching plants. Very hot with an unusual pronounced citrus flavour. 
Capsicum
(Hot) Thai Red(SS) An Asian chilli. Small 4cm long fiery pods mature green to red.Original seeds came from grocery peppers.
Cardoon Plein Blanc Enerme
Perennial thistle like plant grown for the leaf stalks in winter. Unique taste and delicious. 
Carrot,
Nantaise (K) Good main crop carrot sow in autumn and spring 
Chicory, Witloof,
classic forcing chicory 
Chicory, Palla Rosa Variegated di Chioggia
White and red variegated radicchio 
Chicory, Rouge de Verone
Red radicchio 
Chicory
Sugar Loaf (V) S:Jun-Aug Tightly wrapped upright green head.  
Chicory
, Catalogna Gigante Chioggia (F) S:Mar-Sept Upright long serrated greeen leaves from Chioggia.  
Courgette, Verde di Milano
(F) Dark green skin and dense crisp flesh. 
Courgette,
Verte D’Italie (G)  Green fruit with pale yellow srtripe, flesh is dense and delicious
Courgette, Gold Rush
Delicious tasting crisp yellow courgettes great raw. 
Cucumber,
Burpless Tasty Green(O) Long slender fruits resistant to mildew grow outdoors or indoor 
Cucumber, Marketmore
Vigorous plants produce shortish dark green crisp and flavoursome cucumbers undercover or outdoors, can get a little bitter if left on the vine. Good raw or cooked .
Cucumber (Gherkin) Mexican Gherkin
(Eden) also known as creeping cucumbers. 
Cucumber (Gherkin)
Fin de Meaux (Tz) small cylindrical green gerkins with black spines ideal for pickling. 
Endive Frisee, Costa Blanca
Classic frilly rosette of robust slightly bitter leaves will grow even from winter sowing. 
Endive Scarole
Broadleaf smooth crisp white leaf base turning to light green 
Fennel  de Parma Sel Prado
(F)- Excellent winter crop but we do have some problems getting it started in the heat of summer. 
Garlic
Italian white garlic bought 1 kg of seed garlic in Italy. A must grow crop for us 
Garlic / Chinese Chives
(FSM) Perennial clump forming plants. Eat the garlic flavoured leaves, buds and flowers. 
Kale
Cav olo Nero Di Toscana (F) Also called Black Tuscan Kale and one of my favourite veg. Harvest winter to spring. 
Kale
Red Russian (B. napus)(SW)  Heirloom  S1 March S2 mid Aug  H Winter. 
Khol Rabi, Purple Vienna
(I) a cabbage grown for its swollen stem the leaves can be used too.
Leek
Bleu de Solaise (V) Large, hardy French heirloom for winter harvest 
Onion (White Salad)
Giugnese (F) S: Mar-May / July-Sept  Italian white mid sized salad onion with semi flat bulb with pure white flesh. 
Onion
(White Salad) De Rebouillon (V) French white salad onion or ‘Oignon Blanc’ – Excellent Sow Spring or Autumn. 
Onion (Pickling) de Barletta
S: Feb-April (V) Small white pickling onions can also be eaten as salad onions.
Onion (Red Salad) Rouge de Florence
(F) Outstanding torpedo shaped red onion.Good in salad & stores well. Sow Autumn & Spring
Onion (White Salad) Raiollette des Cevennes
(L) The famous sweet onion of the Cevennes, a must grow for us 
Onion (main) Tonda Musona
(F) S:(Jan-Feb) Mar-April (July-Sept) A large, round, white skinned onion. Good in salad & stores well. 
Onion (main)
sets Cipolla Bianca Bought 500g in Italy 
Onion (main)
sets Cipolla Stoccarda ‘Da Sohina’ Bought 500g in Italy 
Onion (main)
sets Rossa di Milano Home grown sets to grow for seed this year. Mildly hot Italian red onion and a good keeper 
Parsnip,
White gem (T) Finally got a harvest in 2007 with this variety so i’ll try it again. no germ seeds too old 
Parsnip, Guernsey
(HSL) Also called Guernsey Half Long and despite its name is a French heirloom over 150 years old. failed
Pea, (main) Kelvedon Wonder
(Seeds given to me) round grain pea out of date so may not use. 
Pea, (main) Petit Provencal
(L) round grain pea, sweet and delicious 
Pea, (drying) Latavian
(HSL) Round seeded tall pea, called ‘Peleks Zirnis’ in Latvian meaning grey peas. Use as a dried pea
Pea (mangetout) Sugar Ann
(T) A sugar snap mangetout pea. Crop failed 2006 try again. 
Pea (Mangetout ) Mammoth Melting Sugar Pea
(SW) Large 10-15 cm green stringless pods on tall plants of up to 2 metres 
Pea
(Mangetout ) Taiwan (SW)  A sugar snap pea with crisp rounded edible pods.
Pea
(Mangetout ) Corne de Belier S:Feb-April H: April-July, very large flat pods crisp and tasty can grow to a height of 2m.  
Perpetual Spinach Verde da Taglio
Classic Italian variety 
Pumpkin/Squash Tromba D’Albenga
(SS) An Italian climbing/trailing squash. Pale green curly courgettes in summer that mature to enormously long curved buff coloured pumpkins by winter. 
Pumpkin/Squash
Uchiki Kuryor Red Kury(K) Japanese origin. Dark red spinning top shaped fruits with a chestnut flavour.
Pumpkin/Squash  Butternut Ponca
(K) An heirloom from the Ponca Tribe, USA. Early butternut.  
Pumpkin/Squash
Buttercup Bush(K) Compact bush producing green, flattened fruit with sweet orange flesh. failed 
Radish, French Breakfast
great quick cropping veg use roots raw and leaves cooked, best in the colder months. 
Sorrel
(O) perennial leafy crop with an acidic taste use to flavour soups and fish.
Spinach, Matador
known as a summer spinach but this small leaved variety can’t take our summers so i grow it as a winter crop. 
Sweetcorn Sweetie
(O)very disappointed this seed arrived F1 though not named in catalogue as such
Swiss Chard Verte a Carde Blanche
(G) excellent tasting crisp white midribs and dark green leaves.         
Tetragon / New Zealand Spinach
(SS)  lush low growing succulent, withstands heat and drought well, use like spinach. 
Texel Greens
(SS) prone to bugs but i’ll give it another go and try new ways of cooking to see if it’s worth growing in future. 
Tomato, (Red) Red Pear
(F) Unusual large pear shaped Italian red beefsteak tomato with vertical ribs.  Indet.75days 
Tomato, (Red) Brandyvine
Dates back to 1885 and is regarded as one of the world’s finest flavoured beefsteak tomatoes 
Tomato, (Red) Double Rich
(K) (SS) Delicious largish red fruit with firm flesh, great taste and high levels of vitamin C.  Originally grown for Assocation Kokopelli see Technical Seed Saving Records Indet.65-70 days. 
Tomato (Red) Cyril’s Choice
(HSL) An heirloom. Good flavoured, juicy red fruit. Indet. but compact growth. 
Tomato (Red) Oroma
(K)  Russian heirloom. 120g long sometimes pointed fruit.  Det. 85-90days trying this one because they are said to be easy to peel so maybe usefull in the kitchen for me. 
Tomato, (Black) Noir De Crimée
(V) Outstanding large black tomato with green shoulders and dark savory flesh.  70-80days 
Tomato, (Black) Carbon
(K) Dark purplish-brown on the outside with a deep brick-red interior. Flavour is rich and sweet. Medium to large fruit, flattened round and smooth. Crack and blemish free. Indet.80 days 
Tomato, (Black)
Japanese Black Trifele (Seed Savers Exchange via SW with Patrick) 
Tomato
(Pink) Eva’s Purple Ball(SW) Pinkish Purple round fruit with a good flavour  Indet.65-75 days   
Tomato
(Yellow) Taxi Yellow (K) Smooth round yellow fruit with great flavour. Compact, cold tolerant Det. 65days 
Tomato
(Orange) Caro Rich (K) Fruit are a deep orange, delicious and productive. High provitamin content. Indet.80days 
Tomato, (Green) Charlie’s Green
(SS) Fantastic tasting green tomato. Not sure of purity until grown, saved by fellow grower. 
Tomato
(Green) Cherokee Green(SW) Yellowish green skin with green flesh and lovely rich flavour. Indet. 85 days .
Tomato, (bi-coloured) Green Zebra
(HSL) Flavour is mildly sweet and tangy green & yellow verticle stripes. Indet.85days 
Tomato, (bi-coloured) Marvel Striped
(K) Beefsteak from Mexico. Large yellow/orange with pink stripes and rich, sweet fruity flavours. Does not like a wet climate. 85-105day 
Tomato (bi-colour) Marizol Gold
(K) Large slightly flattened fruit are deep gold with a red blush on the blossom end and red streaks throughout the flesh and ribbed shoulders. Good yields, outstanding flavor, and very little problem with cracking or blemishes. Heirloom from the Black Forest region of Germany. Indet.85 days
Tomato, (cherry) Gardener’s Delight
Red cherry tomato, some say the best tasting cherry tomato and it is pretty good 
Tomato, (cherry)
Peacevine(HSL)  An American heirloom with sweet tangy flavour and very high amino acid content. Indet.70days Tomato(cherry) Red Pear (SS) Small, sweet pear shaped red fruit on sprawling plants. Semi-det.75days
Tomato, (cherry) Black Cherry
(K) Smallish fairly tasty brown cherry tomatoes.
Tomato, (cherry) White Rabbit
(K) Creamy-white cherry tomato a recent development by Joe Bratka, NJ. 1.5m sprawling plants bare clusters of tiny fruits with excellent flavor. Indet.
Tomato, (cherry) Sungold
(SW) Very sweet orange coloured cherry tomato. Prolific cropper. Indet.57 days.  
Tomato (cherry)
Garden PearlA completely determinate bush type produces lots of pinkish fruits.
Tomato, (paste) San Marzano
(F) Excellent Italian plum tomato makes great passata, susceptable to blossom end rot. Indet.
Tomato, (paste) Roma
(V) Small plum shaped tomato for cooking and conserving. Det.78days  
Tomato, (paste)
Cornu des Andes(SW) Pepper shaped rich, red meaty fruits. Excellent cooking tomato. Semi-Det 75days 
Tomato, (paste) Porter
Old Texan variety of small, thin skinned, pink-red plum tomatoes. Resistant to drought, cracking and sunburn.
Tomato
(Drying) Principe Borghese (SW) Italian heirloom said to be the best for drying. Small grape shaped fruits have few seeds, rich taste. Determinate, 75 days.
Tomato, Cuostrallee
(K) A French beefsteak heirloom that produces huge red, meaty fruits with intensely rich tomato taste. Ribbed shoulders, 10cm accross and weigh 500g to 1kg. Growing this year as seed guardian for Kokopelli Indet.85days
Turnip, Rave D’Auvergne
White, crisp flesh with a purple blush on the shoulder. Sow late summer for autumn/winter crop. 

Lettuce and Salad Leaves
Sherwood,
Cos Compact with green crisp leaves and a delicious sweet flavour. 
Red Leprechaun
, Romaine Compact with shiny, dark-purple puckered leaves and good flavour.
Green Salad Bowl
, Loose-leaf spring   
Regina dei Ghiacci
, Iceberg spring/summer 
Paris Island Cos,
Cos spring/summer New 2008
Soulie,
Heirloom Cos New 2008
Sucrine,
Romaine summer 
Little Gem
, Semi-Cos summer 
Reine des Glaces
, Iceberg summer 
Craquerelle du Midi
, summer 
Ubriacona
Batavia, summer/autumn winter undercover
Laura
Batavia  summer/autumn  New 2008
Verde d’inverno
Cos  Autumn/Winter/spring 
Winter Density
Cos Winter/spring 
Rouge Grenobloise,
Batavian excellent winter lettuce, good in cold and shade. Large heads with crisp ruffled leaves tinted red. 
Valdor
winter undercover/spring New 2008
Rougette de Montpellier
butterhead Winter/spring 
Brunia
,  Oak-leaf  all year 
Red Salad Bowl
Loose-leaf  all year 
Lambs Lettuce
Ronde Maraichere Winter/spring 
Mizuna
(SS) Highly productive oriental leafy brassica. Full of flavour for use in salads or as cooked greens.
Rocket
(SS) sow all year round excellent leaf for salads or in pasta dishes 
Parsley, Italian Flat Leaf
(SS) Bi-annual, easy to grow, well flavoured herb or leafy vegetable.
Herbs are not listed as there are too many of them.

FRUIT
Physalis, Goldie
Small 2cm round orange fruits in papery husks. Fruit havea wonderful sweet tart flavour and store well all winter. 
Melon, Cantaloup D’Alger
(K) An old heirloom with compact growth. Warty, dark green, oblong fruit, with silver white marks. The flesh is thick and juicy and the taste is perfumed and very sweet.  

Original Seed Source Key
(HSL)Heritage Seed Library, (K)Kokopelli   (F)Franchi/Seeds of Italy (V)Vilmorin (O)Organic Catalogue (N)Nicky’s Seeds (TM)Thompson & Morgan (L)Local seed merchant  (G) Gondian  (Tr)Truffaut (R) Roguelands (T)Tuckers  (FSM) Ferme de Sainte Marthe (U)Unwins  (Tz) Tezier, (LeP) Le Paysan, (PD) Plants of Distinction
(SS)Self-saved (SW)Seed Swaps

A Big Thanks to to those who have swapped or sent me seeds to try:
Allan,USA
Christina, Italy
Colin Bristol, England
Patrick Bifurcated Carrots, NL
Chantal in Rugby, England
Nemo in County Kerry, Ireland
Primo Santeria in Louisiana,  USA
Pat in Sheffield, England
Bob in Tasmania, Australia
Lieven in Belgium
Torbjorn Hellstrom in Horby, Sweden

Note
This is my growing list for the year. If you want to swap seeds with me go to the seeds swap page to see what seeds I have available to share.

Seed List 2007

This is our list of seeds to grow in 2007. The selection of seeds is fairly extensive and is still being worked on to fine tune and get the best combination of crops for the kitchen throughout the year.
Just a quick note on this years selection. I have started weeding out the types of crops that don’t grow so well here, such as root crops, or the stuff we are just not so keen on eating, so that we can make more room for our favourites and more versatile produce for the kitchen. This list has a bias toward heirloom or open pollinated varieties so that we can develop our own little seed bank in time. What I am also starting to look for are varieties of our favourite crops that are more resistant to climate extremes, in particular drought and heat in the summer crops and hardiness in the winter crops.

We are on the second year of trials to find the perfect green courgette; triallingVerde di Milano against Defender(F1) and the cherry tomato Gardeners Delight against Supersweet 100(F1). Apart from that  we are still trying to get the right balance of storage and salad onions to keep us through the whole year. We’ve got the brassica selection just about right now apart from cabbage I am still looking for a good winter through to spring cabbage.

Alliums
Garlic
, unknown bought bulbs in Italy 
Oignon Blanc
De Rebouillon- Superb variety use young as spring onions or mature as white salad onions sow Spring & Autumn
Oignon Blanc
Hatif de Paris – Excellent spring summer crop as above but sow Autumn for a spring & summer harvest. 
Onions, pickling – de Barletta-
small white pickling onions can also be eaten as salas onions.
Shallot
, Rouge de Florence-Superb torpedo shaped red salad onion sow Autumn & Spring
Onion (White) Rayolle des Cevennes-
The famous sweet onion of the Cevennes.
Onion (Red), Rossa di Milano -
Mildly hot Italian red onion and a good keeper.(New 2007)
Onion (yellow), Giant Zittau -
Best for storage according to my neighbour, Claudie, so trying from seed this year. 
Onion (White)
?? sets, from Italy unknown var 
Leek
Bleu de Solaise - Large hardy French heirloom for winter harvest (New 2007)

Aubergines
Aubergine, Violetta Lunga* -
A long purple Italian Aubergine delicious and productive. 
Aubergine, Ronde de Valence* -
I love the look of this one round dark purple fruit with fetching acid green shoulders.

Beans
Broad Bean, Aquadulce Claudia*-
We only grow autumn sown broadbeans in order to avoid the blackfly plagues that start in May and this is THE variety best suited to it. Excellent tasting beans to use fresh, freeze or dried.      
Pea, Petit Provencal*-
round grain pea, sweet and delicious 
Pea, Corne de Belier *-
mangetout ,very large flat pods crisp and tasty can grow to a height of 2m. 
Pea, Kelvedon Wonder -
someone gave me these seeds.
French Bean, Duel*-
dwarf, prolific crops, over a long period, of long fine green beans. Sow (March) and again mid April 
French Bean, CosseViolette*-
climber needs protection. Large broad purple pods great taste, stringless and tender. 
Runner Beans, Scarlet Emperor *-
heavy early cropping with full flavoured long smooth textured dark-green pods. Sow May-July. 
Shelling Bean, Coco Blanc  -
dwarf haricot bean with round white seeds for use fresh or dried. Not decided if it is worth growing this.
Shelling Bean, Italian Butter Bean –
Climber. Long flat green pods containing 3-5 large white beans for use dried (New 2007)
Pea,
Sugar Ann - A mangetout snap podded pea. (New 2007)
French Bean, Purple Queen
- Dwarf, purple podded variety, sow mid April – Mid May outdoors (New 2007)
French Bean, Blue Lake -
Climber, heirloom seed swap. Medium-length, tender, stringless, round pods with white seeds. (New 2007)
String Bean, Yard Long  –
Climber, needs protection pods grow to 60cm in length. (New 2007)
Pea, Corne de Belier *-
mangetout ,very large flat pods crisp and tasty can grow to a height of 2m. 
Pea, Kelvedon Wonder -
someone gave me these seeds.

Brassicas
Cauliflower, Romanesco *-
Outstanding lime green conical heads with delicious crisp nutty sweet taste. Harvest late autumn to early spring.
Cabbage, Quintal D’Alsace -
This is the classic cabbage for Sauerkraut, white dense heads winter to early spring. 
Cabbage, Wintergreen
Loose leafed cabbage hearting to pointed heads in spring. Sow in summer for winter and spring greens. 
Cabbage Savoy, Ormskirk -
dark green flavourful leaves of savoy  (New 2007)
Tuscan Kale, Cavolo Nero*-
Outstanding dark green to black strappy crinkled leaves great taste. Harvest autumn to early spring. 
Broccoli, Wok Broc -
summer harvest variety not really worth growing but i’ve got the seeds (New 2007)
Broccoli, Spike –
autumn harvest variety not really worth growing but i’ve got the seeds (New 2007)
Broccoli  Purple Sprouting Extra Early Rudolf
- Harvest Jan – Mid Feb 
Broccoli  Purple Sprouting Early *-
Harvest mid Feb to end March 
Broccoli  Purple Sprouting Late
*-Harvest mid March to mid April 
Brocoletto, Cima de Rapa 90 and 40*-
Fast growing Italian delicacy. Mustardy leafy greens harvest whole just as sprouts appear and pan fry with garlic delicious. 

Corn
Sweet Corn, Golden Bantam -
Traditional American corn on the cob variety from 1900. (New 2007)
Baby Corn, Minipop (F1) –
Use whole raw or in stir fries and oriental dishes.(New 2007)

Curcubits
Courgette, Gold Rush*-
Delicious tasting crisp yellow courgettes great raw.        
Courgette/Pumpkin, Tromba D’Albenga *-
This I saw growing in Italy and I’m very exciting about growing it here. It provides pale green curly courgettes in summer which then mature to enormous long curved buff coloured pumpkins by winter. Grow over a frame to give the pumpkins the hanging space to mature. (some i saw were over 5ft long!) 
Pumpkin, Butternut *-
Great taste, flexible in the kitchen and a good storer. 
Courgette, Defender -
Madly prolific can hardly keep up with production grow only 1 or 2 plants this year for trial.         
Courgette, Verde di Milano –
dark green skin and dense flesh. Trialling for the second year against Defender. 
Cucumber, le Genereux –
bog standard cucumber can get bitter if left too long, look for a better variety next year. 
Cucumber, Konsa F1-
early outside cucumber crisp flesh and smooth dark skin. Excellent (New 2007)
Pumpkin, Musquee de Provence –
Excellent quality flesh with a ribbed flattened globe shape turning from green to ochre. (New 2007)
Pumpkin, Rouge D’etampes -
French heirloom. The classic Cinderella shaped orange pumpkin popular in France. (New 2007)
Pumpkin
Lady Godiva - hulless seed variety grown for the abundant seeds rather than the flesh (New 2007)
Gherkin, Mexican Gherkin -
also known as creeping cucumbers. (New 2007)

Herbs and Armomatic Leaves
Rocket
Rocket Wild
Sorrel
Parsley, flat leaf
Coriander
Coriander, confetti
Basil, Thai
Basil, Marseille
Basil, Genovese
Chervil
Dill
Marjoram
Savory
Nigella Sativa
Lemon Grass
Sage
Chinese Chives Excellent stuff can’t get enough so grow more next year. Sow spring & Autumn
Still looking for
Coriander, Vietnamese r Laksa leaves

Leaves: Lettuce
Verde Ricciolina
, Spring 
Regina dei Ghiacci
, Iceberg spring summer 
Green Salad Bowl
, Loose-leaf spring                         
Corsair
, Romaine spring/summer 
Sucrine,
Romaine summer 
Little Gem
, Semi-Cos summer 
Reine des Glaces
, Iceberg summer 
Craquerelle du Midi
, Cos summer 
Umbriacona
summer/autumn 
Verde d’inverno
Romaine Autumn/Winter/spring 
Winter Density
Semi-cos Winter/spring 
Rougette de Montpellier
butterhead Winter/spring 
Lambs Lettuce
Ronde Maraichere Winter/spring 
Brunia
,  oak-leaf  all year 
Red Salad Bowl
Loose-leaf  all year

Leaves
Perpetual Spinach, Verde da Taglio –
Classic Italian variety productive and hardy (New 2007)
Swiss Chard, Zilver - (New 2007)
Swiss Chard, Bright Lights -
looks great in the garden.         
Swiss Chard, Verte a Carde Blanche –
excellent tasting crisp white midribs and dark green leaves.         
Spinach, Matador
- small leaved summer spinach but still can’t take our summer heat so needs to be harvested by mid May. 
Spinach, Giant D’Hiver
- Excellent large leaf spinach for use in winter and early spring.           
Tetragon, New Zealand Spinach -
lush low growing succulent that can withstand summer heat and drought and can be used as spinach. 
Texel Greens
– so few seeds in the packet sowed for seed production only. (New 2007)

LeavesOriental
Mizuna
*-highly productive and full of flavour for use in salads and as cooked greens from successional sowing throughout the year. 
Chinese Leaves, Green Tower
(F1) –  This one did not head up and bolted try and find a better non F1 var next year.
Pak Choi, Green Revolution
– Lovely crisp white to pale green spoon shape leaves. Bolted undercover in spring. 
Choy Sum, Hong Kong
F1- 3rd season of poor winter-spring cropping from this one find another non F1 var next year.         
Pak Choi, Canton Dwarf – (New 2007)
A compact,dwarf Pak Choi producing short,broad,thick,pure white stems with darkgreen leaves.Good tolerance to heat. 
Tatsoi, Yukina -(New 2007)
Rosette Pak Choi, Tatsoi Tah Tsai – (New 2007)

Leaves: Chicories & Endives
Chicory, Witloof -
classic forcing chicory 
Endive Frisee, Costa Blanca -
Classic frilly rosette of robust slightly bitter leaves will grow even from winter sowing. 
Endive Scarole
Broadleaf smooth crisp white leaf base turning to light green 
Chicory (Radicchio),
Palla Rosa – tough slightly hairy green and red leaves makes a good contribution to a mixed salad. 
Chicory (Radicchio),
Palla Rosa Variegated di Chioggiaheading white and red variegated (New 2007)

Peppers & Chillis
Sweet Pepper, (Red), Doux D’Espagne * -
Superb; prolific with gorgeous juicy long red peppers for use fresh or to preserve. 
Sweet Pepper, (Yellow),Quadrato d’asti giallo* -
Excellent huge fleshy yellow square peppers for use fresh 
Sweet Pepper, (Red) Tres Long des Landes -
Long thin quick maturing peppers, use green or red. (New 2007)
Sweet Pepper, (Red
) Topepo Rosso - cherry type pepper, thick flesh small and round. (New 2007)
Sweet Pepper,
(Orange) Californian Wonder bought one plant to try (New 2007)
Sweet Pepper, Golden Greek Pepperoncini-
Long thin lime green peppers to use for pickling (New 2007)
Sweet Pepper, Californian Wonder (Orange)
1 plant to trial (New 2007)
Paprika Pepper, Barcelona Cherry Pepper * –
Fantastic fleshy cherry peppers with a hint of heat. Seeds from Barcelona market peppers. Paprika Pepper,Pimiento L Pepper- Heart shaped Spanish paprika pepper for drying and grinding for sweet paprika.(New 2007
Paprika Pepper, Romanian Hot Antohi
A more pungent type of hot paprika pepper for drying (New 2007)
Chilli Pepper, Cayenne * -
Very Hot! 4th season growing this one and it gets better each year, dries well and is truly excellent 
Chilli Pepper
Kashmiri -Not sure these will come true seeds came from Indian grocery peppers (New 2007)
Chilli Pepper,
Szentesi mid-hot bought one plant to try (New 2007)
Chilli Pepper
Lemon Drop -Sma ll crinkly lemon yellow chilli peppers with very hot citrus flavour. (grown for Kokopelli)
Chilli Pepper
Thai red – Saved seeds from Thai grocery peppers, medium to hot. Excellent crop (New 2007)
Chilli Pepper, Ciligia Piccante
- Small (2×2 cm), red cherry type. Medium-hot but loses about 60% of it’s heat when cooked.(New 2007)
Roots

We have real difficulty with growing roots on our shallow acidic soil so i may not sow any of these this year if we run out of space. 
Beetroot, Boltardy –
trying a different variety this year to see if we can get a better crop. (New 2007)
Beetroot,
Carrot, Nantese –
trying a different variety this year to see if we can get a better crop. (New 2007)
Parsnip, White gem -
This is the last chance for parsnip trying a different variety this year to see if we can get a better crop. (New 2007)
Navet, Rave D’Auvergne  –
This stuff grows well so this may be its last year sow late summer for autumn winter crop. 
Hamburg Parsley –
Last chance for rooted parsley.
Fennel, de Parma Sel Prado -
Excellent winter crop but we do have some problems getting it started in the heat of summer.
Evening Primrose
– No good reason for growing this just fancied having a go if there is room. 

Tomatoes
Tomato, Noir de Crimee* -
Brownish coloured tomato with green shoulders looks a bit weird but the taste is absolutely fantastic.
Tomato, San Marzano* -
Excellent Italian plum tomato makes great passata but can suffer blossom end rot -look for a more resistant var. 
Tomato, cherry Supersweet 100* -
largish cherry tomato, heavy cropping great taste. 
Tomato, cherry Gardeners Delight -
some say the best tasting cherry tomato. Trialling for the second year against Supersweet100
Tomato,
Brandyvine – Pinky red coloured beefsteak tomato with great taste but not 100% impressed. 2nd season to trial. 
Tomato, Rutger’s -
Round red vine tomatoes, bred by Rutgers university for Campbell’s soup in 1934. Chosen by NASA for the Seeds in Space programme which is good enough  reason to try it (New 2007)
Tomato, Porter -
Texan variety of small, thin skinned, pink-red plum  tomatoes. Good for bottling. Resistant to drought, cracking and sunburn, ideal for the hottest of climates! (New 2007)
Tomato,
Purple Calabash - Heirloom deep purple-burgundy flattened and puckered fruit. (New 2007)
Tomato, Black Cherry -
Heirloom small purple black fruit. (New 2007)
Tomato, Double Rich - Delicious large fruit with firm flesh and few seeds. for Kokopelli

key 
*
after the variety indicates it is a favourite and must grow variety.

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